The Parish of the Church of St. Casimir


The Parish of the Church of St. Casimir is a Roman Catholic Parish in Historicist style, in Naujoji Vilnia, a district of Vilnius. For 90 years, it has been the only Roman Catholic Parish in Naujoji Vilnia, which was added to Vilnius after the World War II. Because of that, in Vilnius, there are two Parishes of the same Patron. The Church of Saint Casimir got its current shape and was sanctified in 1911. In 2001, from the Parish was detached another one located by the Church of The Holy Virgin Mary Queen of Peace, which was built as a church for a big garrison of Polish Army. Naujoji Vilnia church is one of the tallest churches in Vilnius.

Parafia św. Kazimierza w Nowej Wilejce – parafia rzymskokatolicka w Wilnie, w dzielnicy Nowa Wilejka. Przez 90 lat jedyna parafia rzymskokatolicka w miasteczku Nowa Wilejka, które po II wojnie światowej zostało przyłączone do Wilna. W związku z tym w Wilnie są obecnie dwie parafie tegoż patrona. Parafialny kościół św. Kazimierza został wyświęcony w 1911 r. W 2001 r. z parafii wyodrębniono inną przy kościele Matki Bożej Królowej Pokoju zbudowanym u schyłku II Rzeczypospolitej jako kościół garnizonowy dla dużego garnizonu Wojska Polskiego.

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Vilnius Juzef Ignacy Krashevsky’s Gymnasium

Vilnius Juzef Ignacy Krashevsky’s Gymnasium is a daily general education school of self-learning in Naujoji Vilnia (Rugiagėlių St. 15, Vilnius), which provides primary, secondary and additional education in Polish. Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (28 July 1812б,Warsaw – 19 March 1887, Geneva) was a Polish writer, publisher, historian,journalist, scholar, painter and author who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews. He is best known for his epic series on the history of Poland, comprising twenty-nine novels in seventy-nine parts.

Vilniaus Juzefo Ignacijaus Kraševskio gimnazija – dieninė, savarankiško mokymosi bendrojo lavinimo mokykla Vilniuje, NaujojojeVilnioje, Rugiagėlių g. 15, vykdanti pradinio, pagrindinio, vidurinio ir papildomo ugdymo programas lenkų kalba.

Józef IgnacyKraszewski (ur. 28 lipca 1812 w Warszawie, zm. 19 marca 1887 w Genewie) –polski pisarz, publicysta, wydawca, historyk, działacz społeczny i polityczny, autor z największą liczbą wydanych książek i wierszy w historii literatury polskiej.

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The Hill of Castle

The Hill of Castle. Archeological researches claim that here are the backgrounds of the building. It is possible that here was a castle. From here, you can enjoy the wonderful view of the area. Among them you can see a railway bridge and levee. On the east, there is a view of Naujoji Vilnia.

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Train Memorial

Train Memorial. In the second half of XIX century, the railway Saint-Petersburg – Warsaw was built, and in Naujoji Vilnia, the railway station was established. Rail men also settled down here, and Naujoji Vilnia became a town. Here were built leather, yeast, scythes and knives‘ factories. In the beginning of XX century, Naujoji Vilnia became the third Lithuanian city according to its industrial concentration.

In 1940-1941 the Soviet government organized mass deportation of Lithuanian, Polish and other nationalities’ citizens to Siberia from Naujoji Vilnia railway station. After the restoration of Lithuania’s Independence, every year on June, 14th,by the Memorial, happen Commemorations of exiled people. It is thought, that Soviet government exiled or imprisoned about 300, 000 people (among them –politicians, public figures, enlighteners and about 32,000 of children). Out of exiled people, only 33,59% survived and came back to Lithuania, 26,52% died in prisons and exiles, and the destiny of about 40% of prisoners is still unknown.

In 1940-1941 the Soviet government did mass deportation to Siberia from Naujoji Vilnia railway station.

Traukinio memorialas. XIX a. antroje pusėje, nutiesus (1860) Sankt Peterburgo – Varšuvos geležinkelį ir įsteigus geležinkelio stotį, miestelyje apsigyveno geležinkelininkai. Naujoji Vilnia tapo miesteliu. Jame kūrėsi medžio apdirbimo, odų, mielių, dalgių, peilių ir pasagvinių fabrikai. XX a pradžioje Naujoji Vilnia tapo trečiu miestu Lietuvoje pagal pramonės koncentraciją.

1940-1941 m. iš Naujosios Vilnios geležinkelio stoties į Sibirą tremtin buvo vežami pirmieji lietuvių, lenkų ir kitų tautybių žmonės. Po Lietuvos nepriklausomybės atkūrimo Naujosios Vilnios geležinkelio stoties memoriale kasmet birželio 14 d. vyksta Trėmimo minėjimo renginiai. Skaičiuojama, kad iš viso iš Lietuvos buvo ištremta arba įkalinta sovietų valdžios apie 300 tūkst. žmonių, daug to meto politikų, visuomenės veikėjų, tautos šviesuolių, išvežta daugiau kaip 32 tūkst. vaikų. Iš tremtinių 33,59 proc. grįžo į Lietuvą, 26,52 proc. žuvo tremties ir kalinimo vietose ir beveik 40 proc. tremtinių likimas nežinomas.

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The Cemetery of war prisoners

The Cemetery of war prisoners in Naujoji Vilnia (Parko St.) 22 grave stones cover common graves of Soviet war prisoners (civil and military) which died here in a Nazis concentration camp in 1941 – 1943. Here died about 4500 prisoners (the amount of war prisoners, who died here, may be much bigger).Common graves with the monument to all war victims are situated next to the fence of Republic mental hospital (from the side of Linksmoji St.). The area is 7320 sq. m.

Karo belaisvių kapinės Naujojoje Vilnioje, Parko gatvėje. 22 kauburėliai žymi 1941–1943 metais žuvusių fašistinės Vokietijos stovyklos Sovietų Sąjungos karo belaisvių (tarybinių karių ir civilių) broliškus kapus. Broliškos kapinaitės su paminklu karo aukoms yra prie Respublikinės psichiatrijos ligoninės tvoros iš Linksmosios gatvės pusės. Teritorijos plotas– 7320 kv. m.

Lietuvai atgavus Vilniaus kraštą, Sovietų Sąjunga N. Vilnios ligoninėje įsirengė didelę karinę bazę, kurią paliko tik 1941 m. vokiečių spaudžiama. Šie ją pavertė belaisvių stovykla. Joje laikomų karių laidojimui vokiečiai iškart atrėžė žemės sklypą, kurį belaisviai, šaldomi ir marinami, greitai užpildė (mirė apie 4 500 kalinių). Yra duomenų, kad karo aukų Naujojoje Vilnioje būta keliskart daugiau.

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The Church of the Holy Virgin Mary

The Church of the Holy Virgin Mary was built  in Naujoji Vilnia in 1938, by the architect Jan Borowski. It was build by Polish soldiers instead of the chapel which was built here in 1903. Because of the beginning of the World War II works were stopped. During Soviet times, the church was used as a sport hall, then rented by the local wine factory. On June, 8th, 2002, the restored church was brought back to the Catholics.

Kościół Najświętszej Maryi Panny Królowej Pokoju został zbudowany w Nowej Wilejce przez architekta Jana Borowskiego w 1938 roku. Kościół budowali polscy żołnierze na miejscu kapliczki, która stała w tym miejscu od 1903 roku. Druga wojna światowa przerwała te prace. Za czasów radzieckich w budynku kościoła mieściła się sala sportowa, a później budynek wynajęła miejscowa fabryka wina. 8 czerwca 2002 roku kościół odrestaurowano i zwrócono wiernym.

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Vilnius Republic Mental Hospital

Vilnius Republic Mental Hospital is a mental illnesses supervision specialized institution, where a psychiatric aid is provided. Here, psychical disorders and illnesses are diagnosed and treated, prophylactic methods are used to avoid relapses, and a systematic treatment is guaranteed to help patients adapt in the social life.

The story of the hospital started at the end of the XIX century. In 1898, in Petersburg, a meeting happened, and there was decided to build mental hospitals in the districts, including Ryga and Vilnius. In Vilnius area, 1000-bed-hospital was started in Rokantiškės Estate area, 0,5 km away from Naujoji Vilnia Railway station. It was finished in 1902, and in 1903, first patients were appeared there. The official opening of the hospital happened on May, 21st,1903.

Respublikinė Vilniaus psichiatrijos ligoninė  tai yra specializuota psichikos sveikatos priežiūros įstaiga, kurioje teikiama psichiatrinė pagalba: diagnozuojami ir gydomi psichikos sutrikimai, taikomos profilaktikos priemonės siekiant išvengti atkryčių, teikiama visokeriopa pagalba, padedanti pacientams prisitaikyti visuomenėje.

Respublikinės Vilniaus psichiatrijos ligoninės istorija siekia XIX-ojo šimtmečio pabaigą. 1898 m.Peterburge įvyko pasitarimas, kuriame buvo nuspręsta statyti apygardų psichiatrijos ligonines, tame tarpe Rygoje ir Vilniuje. Vilniaus apygardos tūkstančio lovų ligoninė pradėta statyti Rokantiškių dvaro žemėse, 0.5 km nuo N.Vilnios geležinkelio stoties. 1902 m. statybos darbai buvo baigti, o 1903 m. priimti pirmieji ligoniai. Oficialus ligoninės atidarymas įvyko 1903 metais gegužės mėn. 21 d.

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Vilnius Cathedral

The Cathedral Basilica of St Stanislaus and St Ladislaus of Vilnius  is the main Roman Catholic Cathedral of Lithuania. It is situated in Vilnius Old Town, just off of Cathedral Square. Dedicated to Saints Stanislaus and Ladislaus, the church is the heart of Catholic spiritual life in Lithuania.

The coronations of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania took place within its confines. Inside its crypts and catacombs are buried many famous people from Lithuanian and Polish history including Vytautas (1430), his wife Anna (1418), his brother Sigismund (Žygimantas) (1440), his cousin Švitrigaila (1452), Saint Casimir (1484), Alexander Jagiellon (1506), and two wives of Sigismund II Augustus: Elisabeth of Habsburg (1545) and Barbara Radziwiłł (1551). The heart of the Polish king Władysław IV Vasa was buried there upon his death, although the rest of his body is buried at the Wawel Cathedral in Kraków.

Inside, there are more than forty works of art dating from the 16th through 19th centuries, including frescoes and paintings of various sizes. During the restoration of the Cathedral, the altars of a presumed pagan temple and the original floor, laid during the reign of King Mindaugas, were uncovered. In addition, the remains of the cathedral built in 1387 were also located. A fresco dating from the end of the 14th century, the oldest known fresco in Lithuania, was found on the wall of one of the cathedral’s underground chapels.

During the Soviet regime initially the cathedral was converted into a warehouse. Masses were celebrated again starting in 1988, although the cathedral was still officially called “The Gallery of Images” at that time. In 1989, its status as a cathedral was restored.

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Below the crossword, here are words related to the history of Vilnius Cathedral. Find them in the crossword.

s d f g h j C k l q w e C R
 z b a r o q U e x c v b L F
M c l v b n P m l k j h A V
A s d a d d O f g h j k S Y
D w q s c u L p t u r e S H
O e r t y k A g a n g e I S
N f g h j k k l z x c v C U
N M b n m q C w e r t y I J
A A y a r c H i t e c t S N
R R Y E U F A f g h j k M I
F B H D J G P s d f g h j K
V L B C F R E s c o e s L M
C E N V F j l A S  D F H J L

 

Madonna   marble  frescoes   architects   baroque   chapel   sculptures   angels   cupola   classicism

 

Below the crossword, here are words related to the history of Vilnius Cathedral. Find them in the crossword.

In the pictures and frescoes, she always holds little Jesus on her hands.

This black material was used to decorate the interior of the Cathedral.

Pictures painted on the walls of the Cathedrals or churches.

The chapel of St Casimir was decorated by Italian …

Vilnius Cathedral has features of two architectural styles: … and …

Vilnius Cathedral has 11 of these named by the names of holy people.

Info do skrytki: In the underground of the Cathedral, there are coffins with the relics of the kings from Jagellon Dynasty.

1. What is the architectural type of Vilnius Cathedral? 2. What is the name of one of the saints the Cathedral is dedicated to? 3. The heart of which Polish dynasty’s king is buried in Vilnius Cathedral? 4. The chapel of which saint has a sarcophagus? 5. Dating back to the end of the 14th century, what kind of work of art was found on the walls of one of the cathedral’s underground chapels? 6. Who is the designer responsible for the current appearance of the Cathedral? 7. The sculpture of which saint is located in the middle of the roof of the Cathedral? 8. The sculpture of St. Stanislaus located on the roof of the Cathedral, presumably symbolizes what? 9. Which Baltic pagan god was worshipped in pre-Christian times at the site of the cathedral? 10. What is the name of the place in a church, where religious offerings are made?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

1.Neoclassical   2.Stanislaus      3.Vasa       4.Casimir       5.Fresco            6.Gucevicius

7.Helena  8.Poland   9.Perkunas     10.Altar

Presidential Palace

The official residence of the President of Lithuania, this gleaming white palace started life in the 14th century as a much smaller structure built at the behest of the city’s first Bishop, Andrzej Jastrzębiec (d.1398). Gaining its Classical appearance much later, it remained the home of the cream of the city’s Catholic clergy until the 1795 Partition when it became the residence of Vilnius’ tsarist governors. Many illustrious figures have spent a night in the building over the centuries, among them Tsar Alexander I, Napoleon Bonaparte and local boy, military giant and Polish national hero Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935) to name but a few. After independence in 1991, the structure served several purposes until assuming its current role in 1997. The presidential flag can be seen flying over the building when the president is in residence or in the city. Changing of the Guard takes place on Sundays at 12:00. From spring to the start of October, at 12:00-18:00, it is possible to enter the spacious rear courtyard without being part of an excursion.

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  1. First Bishop’s name Andrzej
  2. 18th century architecture style Classical
  3. the type of flag presidential
  4. Catholic Church member of hierarchy               bishop
  5. French statesman and military leader Napoleon

Church of St. Johns, St. John the Baptist and St. John the Apostle and Evangelist

The Church of St. Johns, St. John the Baptist and St. John the Apostle and Evangelist  is located at the Old Town of Vilnius, Lithuania and dominates the university (Vilnius University) ensemble. Since the times of the Jesuit Academy professors and students used to pray here, and Vilnius theologians gave sermons. It was a place for performances and disputes, where theses were defended and kings greeted.

The layout of the Church of St. Johns still reflects its original Gothic structure. It is a 28-by-69-metre (92 ft × 226 ft) hall church with three naves and seven asymmetrical chapels. The tower, consisting of 5 gradually decreasing portions, is the tallest building of Vilnius Old Town (69 metres (226 ft)). The central focus of the church interior is a composition of 10 presbytery altars, unique in Lithuania and the Baltic countries. The altars are positioned in a semi-circle, on varying planes and levels, and light illuminates them through the Gothic presbytery windows. They are abundantly decorated with paintings and sculptures. The organ of the Church of St. Johns was the most famous one in Lithuania, but in the Soviet period it was destroyed; presently it has been restored. In the central nave at the pillars stand 18 sculptures, 12 of which represent various saints bearing the name of John. All frescoes in the church date from the 18th century and were uncovered and restored in 1970’s.

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